6.2 Assignment: The Dark Side of Leadership ReadSpeaker webReader: ListenFocus Getting Started In this assignment, you will read Chapter 16, “The Dark Side of Leadership,” in our textbook. Hughes, Ginnet, and Curphy (2019) write: Because of the profound ways in which leadership aﬀects us all, it would be nice if the people in positions of authority were actually good at it. But research shows that most people are woefully inadequate when it comes to inﬂuencing an organized group toward accomplishing its goals. (p. 638) The authors describe the most common reasons why people fail in leadership positions—bad leadership, managerial incompetence, and managerial derailment—and the steps leaders can take to improve their odds of success. Image source: Nonprofitrisk.org Upon successful completion of this assignment, you will be able to: Create an ethical strategy and standard for communication during change. Types of Destructive Leaders Image Transcriptclick to expand contents Resources Textbook: Leadership: Enhancing the Lessons of Experience Background Information In The Leadership Challenge, authors Kouzes and Posner (2007) report on their considerable surveys and research on the subject of leadership. They identify four characteristics most selected in their surveys of admired leadership: honest, forward-looking, inspiring, and competent. Honest: “It’s clear that if people anywhere are to willingly follow someone—whether it’s into battle or into the boardroom, the front oﬃce or the front lines—they ﬁrst want to assure themselves that the person is worthy of their trust” (p. 32). Forward-Looking: “People expect leaders to have a sense of direction and a concern for the future of the organization” (p. 33). Inspiring: “It’s not enough for a leader to have a dream. A leader must be able to communicate the vision in ways that encourage people to sign on for the duration and excite them about the cause” (p. 34). Competent: “To enlist in a common cause, people must believe that the leader is competent to guide them where they’re headed. They must see the leader as having relevant experience and sound judgment” (p. 35). These characteristics supplement the reading from Chapter 16 of Leadership: Enhancing the Lessons of Experience, reinforcing the contention that eﬀective leaders must be careful to safeguard the positive attributes of leadership and guard against the ominous dark side of leadership. Reference Kouzes, J., & Posner, B. (2007). The leadership challenge (4th ed.). Jossey-Bass. Instructions Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade. Read Chapter 16 of our textbook, including all Proﬁles and Highlights for an additional perspective. Read the minicase, “You Can’t Make Stuﬀ Like This Up,” at the end of Chapter 16. Write a paper incorporating information from the textbook. Respond to the following questions related to the minicase. How does Jim’s behavior depict the dark side of leadership described in Chapter 16 as it relates to “bad leadership, managerial incompetence, and managerial derailment”? How would a leader exhibiting the four characteristics of admired leadership noted above by Kouzes and Posner respond in this case study, in contrast to Jim’s behavior? Your paper should be 400–500 words in length and should include at least two citations from the text applying the text concepts to the leadership challenge. Use proper spelling, grammar, and APA style in your paper and for any sources cited. For questions on APA style, go to OCLS APA Writing Styles Guides. When you have completed your assignment, save a copy for yourself and submit a copy to your instructor by the end of the workshop. =================================== 6.3 Assignment: Leadership as Situations Change Getting Started In this assignment, you will apply the theory and principles learned in Chapters 15 and 17 in our textbook on the subject of leading successfully in an environment of change. This course is titled, “Leadership and Organizational Change,” so these two chapters, in particular, are strategic learning experiences as you conclude the course with this workshop. The authors note that the information in the latter chapters of the text is summative in nature and content, building upon the leadership theory and practice provided in earlier chapters. Upon successful completion of this assignment, you will be able to: Describe a major change initiative that you have either experienced personally or of which you are familiar with. Illustrate how that change initiative depicted aspects of the rational approach to organizational change and charismatic and transformational leadership. Resources Textbook: Leadership: Enhancing the Lessons of Experience Background Information In Chapter 15 of Leadership: Enhancing the Lessons of Experience, Hughes, Ginnett, and Curphy (2019) describe a “rational approach” to organizational change, including a diagnostic framework for understanding why many change eﬀorts fail. The authors also provide an intriguing assessment of the charismatic and transformational leadership model and how these types of leaders can have a dramatic inﬂuence on change: “The personal magnetism, heroic qualities, and spellbinding powers of these leaders can have unusually strong eﬀects on followers, which often lead to dramatic organizational, political, or societal change” (Hughes, Ginnett, & Curphy, 2019, p. 583). CHARISMATIC Vs. TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADER CHARISMATIC LEADERSHIP TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP Leader influences the followers with the dint of his or her personality and charm. Leader inspires change through his or her vision and passion to get things done. Leader is the “head of the show.” Leader is open to followers’ input and participation. Vision fulfillment by stimulating followers to leader’s vision. Vision fulfillment inclusive of follower and leader vision. Charismatic leaders are most likely to emerge in crisis situations. Transformational leaders can emerge at different levels of the organization. Behavior aimed at leader-driven goals and promote feelings of obedience and dependency in followers. Behavior aimed at encouraging teamwork and commitment to shared goals. *Table adapted from www.techofunc.com ©Chartered Techofunctional Institute In Chapter 17 of the text, the authors describe the skills necessary for optimizing leadership as situations change: Creating a compelling vision Managing conﬂict Negotiation Diagnosing performance problems in individuals, groups, and organizations Team building at the top Punishment (p. 694) In this assignment, you will apply the leadership theory provided in Chapters 15 and 17 to a real-world change initiative based upon your personal experience or a situation with which you are familiar. Instructions Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade. Read Chapters 15 and 17 of our textbook, including all Proﬁles and Highlights for added perspective on the chapter’s content. Write an analysis paper in response to the following: Describe a major change initiative that you have either experienced personally or of which you are familiar. Using the information in Chapter 15, illustrate how that change initiative depicted aspects of the rational approach to organizational change and characteristics of charismatic and transformational leadership. Provide a detailed explanation for your evaluation that demonstrates clear, insightful critical thinking. Using the information in Chapter 17, illustrate how that change initiative utilized one or several of the leadership skills listed in the chapter (i.e., creating a compelling vision, managing conﬂict, etc.). Provide a detailed explanation for your evaluation that demonstrates clear, insightful critical thinking. Your analysis should be 600 to 800 words in length. Use proper spelling, grammar, and APA style in your analysis and any sources cited. For question on APA style, go to OCLS APA Writing Styles Guides. When you have completed your assignment, save a copy for yourself and submit a copy to your instructor by the end of the workshop. ========================================= 6.4 Assignment: Types of Change Getting Started In this assignment, you will read Chapter 9 of It Starts With One: Changing Individuals Changes Organizations and discuss the three fundamental types of change: anticipatory, reactive, and crisis. You must request this resource directly from Off Campus Library Services (OCLS). OCLS will email the resource to you within one business day, not including weekends and holidays. Please include all of the information needed for this request: author, publication year, title, and publication information (see below: Black, J. S. (2014). It starts with one: Changing individuals changes organizations (3rd ed.). Pearson Education, Inc. Email your request to [email protected] or fill out an Online Request for Services form. You may also call OCLS at 1-800-521-1848. OCLS hours are Monday–Thursday, 8:00 a.m.–8:00 p.m.; Friday, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.; and Saturday, 9:30 a.m.–2:00 p.m. OCLS closes on Sunday, all university holidays, and holiday weekends. Upon successful completion of this assignment, you will be able to: Discuss the various types of change—anticipatory, reactive, and crisis—from either a leader or follower perspective. Resources Book: It Starts With One (Chapter 9) Video: INSEAD Professors Stewart Black and Hal Gregersen on How Changing Individuals Changes Organizations Background Information Black describes the three reasons why people, and therefore organizations, do not change. First, failure to see. Organizations miss the obvious market transformations. Next is the failure to move. People fail to change even when they see the need. Finally, even after people and organizations do recognize the need to change and begin the process, the change efforts stall out and they fail to finish. The purpose of this assignment is to provide you with the capability to anticipate change, move when needed, and finish without “being told” (Black, 2014). Black (2014) also believes that leading strategic change is not just about leading big and important changes, but it is also about leading change that helps create and sustain competitive advantage (p. 175). This requires not only understanding the three barriers to successful change but also appreciating three fundamental types of change. Chapter 9 describes these three types of change and how each relates to the three barriers of change. Anticipatory change is anticipating the strategic need for change rather than waiting for it to show up at your front door and how each relates to the three barriers of change. Reactive change revolves around reacting to obvious signs and signals that change is needed. When you ignore anticipatory change and reactive change, crisis change is more than likely to occur. Instructions Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade. Read Chapter 9 in It Starts With One: Changing Individuals Changes Organizations. Watch the video INSEAD Professors Stewart Black and Hal Gregersen on How Changing Individuals Changes Organisations. Write a paper in response to the questions listed below. Include a minimum of two citations from the assigned reading from Chapter 9 in which you apply the concepts to the questions. (Note: It is not necessary to do any outside research beyond the information in Chapter 9). Provide a detailed explanation for your discussion that demonstrates clear, insightful critical thinking. Write a substantive response to the following, with citations that include the page reference from Chapter 9: Share from your own experience, either as a follower or a leader, three change initiatives (one from each category—anticipatory, reactive, crisis). For each, describe the situation, the need driving the change, and the urgency of the change. Select the change that was most significant to you. Restate the type of change (anticipatory, reactive, crisis) you are describing. Discuss your personal readiness and the organization’s readiness for change. Refer to the three barriers (failure to see, failure to move, failure to finish). Describe the outcome of the change initiative and refer to lessons acquired from Chapter 9 on how to initiate positive change in an organization Your discussion should be 400–500 words in length. Use proper spelling, grammar, and APA style in your analysis and any sources cited. For questions on APA style, go to OCLS APA Writing Styles Guides. When you have completed your assignment, save a copy for yourself and submit a copy to your instructor by the end of the workshop. ====================================================== 6.2 Assignment: Case Study Getting Started In this assignment, we will be looking at a case study. This case study represents a situation you may find yourself in at any point in your career. Maybe you have already been in a similar position. Here we will be looking at the appropriate response and evaluating how we can use a biblical worldview to direct us. Upon successful completion of this assignment, you will be able to: Analyze variances as they relate to the standard costing system. Analyze return on investment, investment turnover, and profit margin. Evaluate management performance using the balanced scorecard. Resources Bible Textbook: Managerial Accounting Article: A Tale of Missing Parts Article: Virtuous Leaders & Organizations Instructions Review the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade. Read Chapters 9 and 10 in Managerial Accounting. Read the case study “A Tale of Missing Parts” from the IMA Educational Case Journal. In a two-page paper, answer the seven questions at the end of the case study. Include in your analysis how you would bring the Virtuous Business Model into this situation. How might a Virtuous Business and a Virtuous Leader respond? Refer to the “Virtuous Leaders & Organizations” article. As part of your paper, include guidance on how the Bible can provide direction in this situation. (Cite at least one verse.)
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