Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A scientist wishes to represent the location of an earthquake in California. Which type of model is most appropriate for this purpose? [removed] Computer simulation [removed] Equation [removed] Graph [removed] Map Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following resulted from the growing consensus within the scientific community as to the accuracy of the Big Bang theory? [removed] New scientific laws were created. [removed] An older theory was supported. [removed] Older theories were disproved. [removed] New problems were considered untestable. Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) When a local farmer found oil bubbling to the surface in one of his fields, he reported the information to a group of scientists. After 30 years of experimentation, the scientists develop a new theory about how oil formed beneath this location. How do you know that this information is really a theory? [removed] The theory proves a scientific law. [removed] Most of the data were unobservable. [removed] The theory was developed over time. [removed] The data describe a natural phenomenon. Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) When a scientific investigation produces evidence that does not support the hypothesis, what can you conclude about the investigation? [removed] A law has been formed. [removed] A theory remains accurate. [removed] A theory has been disproved. [removed] More investigations need to be completed. Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which type of model is represented in the following image? Public Domain [removed] Computer simulation [removed] Graph [removed] Map [removed] Small-scale object Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following statements is true regarding both theories and laws? [removed] Test problems [removed] Require consensus [removed] Lead to hypotheses [removed] Explain data Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) A pair of scientists proposes two different theories to explain the same set of observations. Which of the following best explains the value of these competing theories? [removed] Competing theories can be a source of new, testable ideas. [removed] Competing theories are necessary to transform a theory into a law. [removed] Competing theories generate controversy that helps popularize ideas. [removed] Competing theories allow scientists to combine the most interesting aspects of both theories. Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Scott stated the following series of observations. Which represents a theory? [removed] I observed three stars in the sky. [removed] The stars give off light. [removed] Light travels at 300,000 kilometers per second. [removed] Stars are balls of hot gases. Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which of the following objects would require the use of a large-scale model? [removed] An atom [removed] A car engine [removed] A frog’s heart [removed] The Mississippi River Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 2 points) Which best describes how equations are used in science? [removed] An equation is a type of graph. [removed] An equation is a type of theory. [removed] Equations use symbols to represent data. [removed] Equations show the locations of distant objects.
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